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Netscape Navigator v2.x, v3.x written: 08-15-96
last updated: 08-10-00
The following assumes that Netscape Navigator has already been installed. For more information on using Netscape, start up Netscape and select Help >> Handbook, this is a very thorough tutorial on using and configuring Netscape.

Configuring Netscape Navigator V2.x, V3.x

Email and News

  1. Start Navigator
  2. Select Options >> Mail and News Preferences
  3. Click on Servers tab. Enter
      Outgoing Mail (SMTP) Server:
      Incoming Mail (POP3) Server:
      POP3 User Name: <your login>
      Mail Directory: <use default>
      Maximum Message Size: [x] None
      Messages are copied from the server to the local disk, then:
      [x] Remove from the Server
      Check for Mail: [x] Every  [10] minutes
      News (NNTP) Server:
      News RC Directory: <use default>
      Get: [100] Messages at a Time
  4. Click on Identity tab. Enter
      Your Name: <full name>
      Your Email: <your login>
      Reply-to Address: <your login>
      Your Organization: <put organization name if applicable>
      Signature File: <leave blank>
  5. Hit Ok button.

Using Netscape Navigator For Web-browsing

The primary Navigator display is divided into five regions. From top to bottom they are: a row of pull-down menus, the toolbar, the Location line, a row of Directory Buttons, and the html viewer.

To go to a known site, enter the address on Location line. Most web address have an implied http:// as a prefix (e.g.,; this may be omitted though ( Images and text which are highlighted or underscored are links to other websites (these links are called hyperlinks). To move through a hyperlink, you click on the image or text. To hide the Location line, remove checkmark from Options >> Show Location.

When Navigator is downloading (i.e. retrieving a homepage or a file), comets will fly past the 'N' located in upper right corner. Also the bottom line of Navigator will give a percentage of download completion and on bottom line at right is a status bar which increases to right reflecting percentage of downloading complete.

The toolbar is the strip of buttons starting on left with a 'Back' arrow and ending on right with a 'Stop' button. All the buttons on toolbar have an equivalent in a pull-down menu. To hide the toolbar, remove checkmark from Options >> Show Toolbar.

The Directory Buttons are located beneath the Location line. They begin at left with a button labeled 'What's New' and end on the right with a button labeled 'Software'. These buttons are links to specific Netscape homepages. Each button has an equivalent under the 'Directory' pull-down menu.

Pull-Down Menu Items

Across the top of Netscape Navigator are a row of pull-down menus starting with 'File' on the left and ending with 'Help' on the right. Below are descriptions of the more important menu selections:

  New Web Browser Open a new copy of Navigator.
  New Mail Message Open the email composer to compose and send a message.
  Mail Document Send the current homepage as an email.
  Open Location Enter a web address as on the Location line.
  Open File Open an file saved locally for display in browser.
  Save As Save current homepage locally (i.e. on hard drive).
  Page Setup Printing layout.
  Print Print current page.
  Print Preview Preview what the current page would look like printed.
  Close Close this Navigator window.
  Exit Close all Navigator windows and exit.
  Find Search the current page for some string.
  Find Again Search again for string entered by Find selection.
  Reload Reload the current homepage.
  Refresh Redraw the web-browser.
  Document Source View the HTML (Hyper Text Markup Language) code which produced the current homepage.
  Document Info Gives times (creation, last modified) and other data relevant to current homepage.
  Back Back to previous pages viewed in this browsing session.
  Forward Go to page viewed after currently one being viewed.
  Home Back to start homepage. The start page is defined as the first page which is opened when Navigator starts up. You can set the start page by going to Options > General Preferences > Appearance tab.
  Stop Loading Interrupt the current transfer.
  [Bottom List] This will include a list of places visited in this session of browsing.
  Add Bookmark Add the current page to your bookmarks for easy retrieval in future.
  Go To Bookmarks Bookmark management. Bookmarks are for organizing, on a permanent basis, frequently visited links.
  [Bottom List] List of individual bookmarks and bookmark sub-menus.
  General Preferences Set appearances, start page, helper applications.
  Mail and News Preferences Configure Navigator for email and news.
  Network Preferences Configure cache and proxies. If you have disk space available it might be worthwhile to increase disk cache size. To do this, select 'Cache' tab and increase 'Disk Cache' to suitable level. Periodically the disk cache should be emptied. To do this, select 'Cache' tab and press 'Clear Disk Cache Now' button.
  Security Preferences Certificate and SSL authentication.
  Auto Load Images Enable/Disable the automatic downloading of images. This feature is quite useful if you want to surf the web as fast as possible. When the checkmark is removed, pictures are only downloaded when the Images' button on the toolbar is pressed.
  Directory Links to interesting and helpful homepages located on Netscape's servers.
  Netscape Mail Bring up Navigator's email viewer.
  Netscape News Bring up Navigator's news viewer.
Help A user should read through all the help items.
  Registration Info How to purchase and register a copy of Navigator.
  Handbook An online tutorial.

Using Netscape Navigator For Email

Netscape Navigator V2.0 and later is able to send and receive email. To open Navigator's Email Viewer, select Window >> Netscape Mail or click on the letter icon that is in the lower right of the Navigator Web Browser window.

The Navigator Email Viewer is divided three regions: a row of pull-down menus across the top, a toolbar of buttons below that, and the email display region which takes up most of the window. The email display region itself is divided into three panels: a folder listing, folders, (upper left); a listing of mail residing in a particular folder, mail list, (upper right); a panel for the display of a particular email message, reading panel. You might have to increase the size of the Email Viewer to see all three panels.

To read an email, single click on a folder. The messages in that folder will appear in mail list on right. Single click on a message in the mail list and it will appear in reading panel at bottom.

The functionality of the buttons along toolbar may be found as selections underneath pull-down menus.

Pull-Down Menu Items

Across the top of Netscape Navigator Email Viewer is a row of pull-down menus starting with 'File' on the left and ending with 'Help' on the right. Below are descriptions of the more important menu selections:

  New Web Browser Open a new copy of Navigator.
  New Mail Message Open the email composer to compose and send a message.
  Mail Folder Create a new email folder. Navigator's email will default to two folders when started: Inbox, where email that has been sent to you is kept; Sent, which keeps copies of email you have sent. The first time you delete a messages a new folder, called Trash, will be created in which deleted messages are kept until Trash is emptied.
  Get New Email Logs into Green Apple's mail server and downloads any new email you might have received.
  Empty Trash Folder Removes from hard drive any messages in Trash folder (i.e. any messages which have been deleted).
  Delete Message Deletes the current message (sent to Trash folder). The current message is defined as the message highlighted in the mail list.
  Delete Folder Remove a mail folder and any messages it may contain.
  Sort Sort the mail list by sort type.
  Reply Reply to sender of current message.
  Forward Send to others current message.
  Move Move the current message to a different folder.
  Copy Copy the current message to a different folder.

Composing And Sending An Email

To compose and send an email, you must bring up the email composer. To do this select File >> New Mail Message or click on the 'To:Mail' icon on the toolbar in the Netscape Mail window.

The email composer is divided into four regions. From top to bottom they are pull-down menus, toolbar, message header, message text. As all other toolbars in Navigator, the buttons on it are also available in the pull-down menus.

As an example, lets suppose we wanted to send a simple hello to our friend Joe who has an email address of We also want to send the same hello to our friends Betty and Sal having email addresses of and, respectively. The message header and message text of the composer window would look like

Mail To:
Subject: Hello there



Hello there. Hope things are well for you and Betty and Sal (I have sent to them carbon copies of this email).

All the best.



To send this email, we would then select File >> Send Now or hit the 'Send' button on the toolbar.

There are other functions which can be done through the email composer such as sending files text and non-text files, posting to newsgroups and creating an address book. For these features and others, please read the handbook for Navigator (Help >> Handbook).

Using Netscape Navigator For News

Netscape Navigator V2.0 and later is able to view and post news to Usenet newsgroups. To open Navigator's News Reader, select Window >> Netscape News.

The Navigator News Reader is divided three regions: a row of pull-down menus across the top, a toolbar of buttons below that, and the news display region which takes up most of the window. The news display region itself is divided into three panels: a listing of configured news servers and the newsgroups available on them, server/newsgroup list, (upper left); a listing of articles posted to a particular newsgroup, article list, (upper right); a panel for the display of a particular news posting, reading panel. You might have to increase the size of the News Viewer to see all three panels.

To get a list of all newsgroups on a server, in the server/newsgroups list, click to the left of the folder beside the server name. Change the '+' to a '-'; this will open the folder. Then go to Options > Show All Newsgroups. This will download the newsgroup list. Downloading may take a while as there are over 35,000 different newsgroups available.

After downloading is complete, the server/newsgroup list should be filled with lists of newsgroups and with sub-folders that contain lists of newsgroups and sub-folders themselves. To see what articles are available in a particular newsgroup, single click on that newsgroup. A list of articles should appear in the article list on right. To read a given article, click on it as it appears in the article list and it will show up in the reading panel.

Because it is cumbersome to scroll through a list of 35,000 to find newsgroups you want to read, Netscape News Reader (as all news reader programs) supports the notion of subscribing to newsgroups. To subscribe to a newsgroup, in the server/newsgroup list, put a checkmark in the box that is to the right of the newsgroup name (you may have to widen the Navigator News Reader to see this column). When you have gone through the list and marked the groups to which you want to subscribe, go to Options >> Show Subscribed Groups. The server/newsgroups list now only shows those groups you subscribed to and hides the groups you did not subscribe to.

For all the many of functions of the Navigator News Reader, please see the Navigator handbook (Help >> Handbook).

This document is copyright Green Apple, Inc, 1995-2007.  Permission is granted for the free distribution of it provided that its contents, including this notice, are not in any way altered. Green Apple disclaims all responsibility of fitness and suitability of this document. User is responsible for any software they download or install. It is incumbent upon User to read and obey copyright and licensing notices of all the software they use.

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